Worms, as vivid representatives of parasites on the earth, are not only a big problem for a single infected person, but also a big problem for the entire country. In the entire country, sometimes they can become a real disaster. Usually, when people talk about worms, they mostly think of small white worms that live in the human intestine. But in fact, human worm species are extremely diverse in size and survival time. Certain types of worms (this is how they are called worms in medical literature) can only be viewed in powerful optical devices, and some species reach 18-20 meters in length and live in humans for up to 20 years.
Worm infections (especially children) often occur. The worm eggs that females reproduce in large numbers are extremely tough and can adapt to the living conditions inside the human body and the external environment they enter with their feces.
Eggshells can reliably protect them from mechanical external influences and climatic factors (including heat and cold). They waited there for a favorable opportunity to enter the body of their "host", where they immediately became fixed, developed, transformed into ready-made sexually mature individuals, and reinfected the "host" with a large number of eggs, thus starting a newReproductive stage. Next, we will take a closer look at worms in humans.
Which worms are found in humans
The classification of worms can be based on various characteristics-for example by their parasitic location in the human body. On this basis, they are divided into intestinal and parenteral.
Intestinal worms are parasites that have adapted to live in the gastrointestinal tract. These are round worms and tape worms.
Extraintestinal worms are worms that have adapted to parasitize in other human organs, for example, in the eyes, liver, lungs and even the brain.
The worm can be classified by the way it enters the main host. On this basis, they can be divided into infectious, biological worms and ground worms.
Infectious worms are worms that are transmitted to healthy people during communication. Children may use toys as transfer objects. This group of worms includes pinworms and dwarf tapeworms.
Biological worms are worms that are transmitted to humans through communication with animals and the consumption of poorly processed meat. In this case, the animal is called the "intermediate" worm host. This species includes cattle and pork tapeworms.
Worms of the worm worm type include worms whose part lives in the soil (ground), so its name is prefixed with "geo". Unwashed fruits or vegetables can cause a variety of worm infections. This group includes worms such as Chinese white and round worms.
The types of worms can be classified according to their biological characteristics. In this case, they are classified as flat, consisting of flukes, worms and nematodes in sequence.
Characteristics of worms
Let's start with round parasites-these are nematodes. They have an elongated round body. Their life cycle occurs as the owner changes. This infection is very common in children. These include the following types of worms.
- A worm parasites in the intestines, it is easy to move through it, poisoning the entire host organism and living in it for more than a year. They reach half a meter in length.
- hookworm and nekator (due to their great similarity, they are combined as "hookworm"). It is 15 mm long, lives in the duodenum, and feeds on blood. They can enter the body either through food or through the skin (for example, barefoot in an infected soil area).
- Vlasoglav is 4 cm long, feeds on blood and sucks the mucous membrane of the large intestine or cecum. It has been a human parasite for five years.
- Pinworms are small parasites with a length of up to 1 cm. They live in the large and small intestines. The life expectancy is about 1. 5 months. Children are most susceptible to infection.
- Trichinella inhabits the heart, lungs, and eyes. Length-not more than 1 cm-people who penetrate food-poorly heat-treated meat. They live up to two years.
Flatworms are divided into fl worms and c worms.
A fluke is a type of worm that has a frond with two suckers (one for attaching to the host and the other for feeding). The body size can range from a few millimeters to one and a half meters. The development of such worms is carried out by using their intermediate "hosts". In the main "host", they live in the digestive tract. They do not need their own digestive system because they are completely parasitic, at the expense of the food resources of their "host". Because of this worm infection, even if people eat a lot of food, people start to lose weight. The following parasites are called flukes.
- Liver fluke-worms can reach 20 mm and live in the liver. It may be infected by eating poorly processed fish.
- Fluke-worms grow to 1. 5 cm and live in the gallbladder. These types of worms can be found in our country, but there are also tropical types.
- Schistosomiasis are flukes that live in the blood of the host. They live in warm countries. It is 30 mm long and 1 mm in diameter. One characteristic of this parasite is that its females live in the male's special folds all their lives. They lived like this for several years and produced a large number of eggs. A person can get schistosomiasis while swimming.
est is a worm with segmented body structure. The line segments gradually grow from the head of the worm, and during their lives, they move more and more to the tail. As they move, a large number of eggs are fertilized and grow in them. After reaching the tail, they fall off the uterus and enter the external environment with human feces, where they begin the next life stage. In the main host, they live in the intestine and are attached to special suction cups up to 20 m long.
Let us consider the types of worms in more detail.
- Pork tapeworm-The worm is 2 m long and lives in the small intestine. Poor processing of pork is the root cause of this infection. The human body of the pork tapeworm is the intermediate host, and its name is derived from it.
- Echinococcusis a worm that also uses humans as an intermediate host. Dogs and cats are the main carriers. Echinococcus oc colonies cannot be treated in humans and can only be removed by surgery.
- Cow tapeworm(maximum 10 m). It lives in the small intestine with suction cups. Poorly processed beef is the main source (which is why it is called cattle).
- Broadstriped worms(up to 20 m) live in the small intestine. Infections occur through poorly processed crayfish and fish.
Various human worms can cause serious dysfunction.
Symptoms of worm infection
The symptoms of this disease depend on the type of worm that infects the person. They may be very diverse, because these parasites can live in almost all parts of the human body and human organs. Various worms cause the most common symptoms of infection:
- Itching in the anal area;
- Diarrhea and other fecal diseases;
- Abdominal pain;
- Reduce weight;
- Increased appetite;
- Muscle pain;
- Sleep disorders;
- Allergic manifestations;
- Increase fatigue.
Treatment and prevention of worm invasion (infection)
The type of helminthiasis (infectious disease group) depends on the type of helminthiasis and its location in the human body. In this case, helminthiasis can proceed secretly or severely, sometimes even death. Generally, there are as many helminthiases as there are all helminthiases, and so far, no universal cure for all parasites has been found. Therefore, for effective treatment, you need to know exactly which parasite a person is infected with.
In medicine, many drugs have been developed and tested to treat worms. Many of them are toxic to patients, so self-medication is not recommended. If infection is suspected, you should see a specialist.
It should be noted that usually primary treatment only destroys the adult worms, but their eggs and larvae are still alive in the body. After a period of treatment, the worms will show symptoms again. Therefore, these drugs can be used repeatedly.
Folk remedies for worms
Here are some time-tested folk remedies for worms, and the results are consistent. In daily life, everyone should be able to fight this parasite with affordable and cheap means. These products include pumpkin and flaxseed (whether in raw or decoction form), pumpkin oil, onion soup, wormwood, tansy and ginger soup, garlic and milk.
But it is best not to completely infect the worm. For this, use well-known precautions-wash your hands, process vegetables and fruits, heat-treat pork, beef and fish, and be careful when dealing with pets. Continue to follow these simple rules will greatly reduce the risk of worm infection.